Pacific Journal of Science and Technology
An Interdisciplinary Journal of Research, Theories, and Observations
Volume 14, Number 2
A Semi-Annual Publication of Akamai University
The Pacific Journal of Science and Technology (PJST) is a peer-reviewed electronic journal of interdisciplinary scientific research, theories, and observations. PJST is a semi-annual publication of Akamai University, Hilo, Hawaii. The mission of this journal is to provide a non-commercial platform for the dissemination of scientific research and theory across the academic disciplines. We seek to facilitate greater communication between the scientific assembly at Akamai University and the larger scientific community. To this end, the PJST provides a platform for research conducted both inside and outside of our university. As a non-profit institute of higher learning, Akamai University provides this journal as a public service in the spirit of academic and scientific discourse and in support of our institutional mission of improving the human condition. There is no charge to access or reference current or archived research published in PJST.
Table of Contents (Vol. 14, No. 2)
Engineering and Material Science
Microstructures of Mild Steel Spring after Heat Treatment.. O.R. Adetunji, Ph.D.; S.I. Kuye, Ph.D. and M.J. Alao, B.Eng.
Energy and Power
Physics and Atmospheric Physics
Measurement and Method in Radiofrequency Radiation Exposure Assessments. Bolaji O. Ayinmode, M.Sc. and Idowu P. Farai, Ph.D.
Analytical Solution of MHD Free Convective Heat and Mass Transfer Flow in a Porous Medium. Akindele Michael Okedoye Ph.D.
Variation of Total Column Ozone (TCO) during the time of Landfall of Extratropical Cyclone. T. Mukherjee, M.Sc.; S.K. Midya, Ph.D.; and H. Sarkar, Ph.D.
Mathematics and Statistics
Crank Nicolson Finite Difference Method for the Valuation of Options. S.E. Fadugba, M.Sc. and C.R. Nwozo, Ph.D.
A Non-Classical Finite Difference Method for Solving Two Point Boundary Value Problems. P.K. Pandey, Ph.D.
A Mathematical Study of One-step Models of Polymerization. R.O. Olayiwola, Ph.D.; M.O. Durojaye, Ph.D.; M.S. Immam, B.Tech.; and S.E. Shuaib, B.Tech.
Approximate Solution of SIR Infectious Disease Model Using Homotopy Perturbation Method (HPM). S. Abubakar, M.Tech.; N.I. Akinwande, Ph.D.; O.R. Jimoh; M.Tech.; F.A. Oguntolu, M.Tech.; and O.D. Ogwumu, M.Tech.
Development and Implementation of an Empirical Model on Road Traffic Accidents. Lukman Abiodun Nafiu, Ph.D.; David Ibitayo Lanlege, M.Tech.;and Danladi Hakimi, Ph.D.
Fuzzy Cognitive Map Based Approach for Teachers’ Performance Evaluation. X.Y. Djam, Ph.D. and A.K. Mishra, Ph.D.
A Comparative Analysis of Four Deterministic Compartmental Mathematical Models for Controlling the Spread of Tuberculosis in Nigeria.. Abdullah Idris Enagi, Ph.D.
Robustness of Split-plot Central Composite Designs in the Presence of a Single Missing Observation. Angela Unna Chukwu, Ph.D.; Yisa Yakubu, M.Sc.; Timothy Adebayo Bamiduro, Ph.D.; and Godwin Nwanzu Amahia, Ph.D.
Information Technology and Communications
A Metric in Global Software Development Environment.. Lauretta O. Osho, B.Tech.; Sanjay Misra, Ph.D.; and Oluwafemi Osho, M.Tech.
Securing Text Messages using Elliptic Curve Cryptography and Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing. O. Shoewu and Segun O. Olatinwo.
Iris Recognition Technology: Implementation, Application, and Security Consideration. Segun O. Olatinwo; O. Shoewu; and Olusegun O. Omitola.
Development of a Microcontroller Based Automatic Combinational Lock System. Comfort O. Bolajoko, M.Sc. and Adewale M. Folorunso, B.Sc.
Design and Implementation of Crime Investigation System using Biometric Approach (Nigerian Police Force). Adeyinka Adesuyi Falaye, M.Sc.; Ndako Victor Adama, B.Tech.; and Faith Princely Agemerien, B.Tech.
Impact of the Adoption of Computer Aided Process Planning (CAPP) Software Package for Small Scale Bottled Water Industry in Nigeria. O.O. Martins, M.Eng.; S.B. Adejuyigbe, Ph.D.; Prof. M.A. Waheed; B.O. Bolaji, Ph.D.; and J.K. Adewumi, Ph.D.
Management, Economics, and Education
Impact of Top Management Commitment on Implementation of Total Quality Management in an Organization. M.S. Abolarin, Ph.D.; A.A. Abdullahi, M.Eng.; O. Adedipe, M.Eng.; and T. S. Abdulrahman, M.Eng.
Islamic Banking in Sudan: A Case Study of the Sudanese Islamic Bank. Muhammad A.A. Al Hashimi, Ph.D.
The Effects of Organizational Information on Researchers’ Work Attitudes in Selected Agricultural Institutes in Oyo State, Nigeria. Oluwatoyin A. Oso, M.Agric.
Management of Sheep at Sales Points in Abeokuta Metropolis, Nigeria. Shamsideen O. Iposu, Ph.D.; Ngozi Okwelum, D.V.M., M.Sc.; Adetola O. Adeyemi, B.Agric.; Kehinde A. Sanwo Ph.D.; and Bamidele O. Oduguwa, Ph.D.
Chemistry and Biochemistry
Sorption Potential of a Nigerian Montmorilonite Clay for Lead(II) Ions from a Single Component Solution: Equilibrium, Kinetics, and Thermodynamics. Folasegun Anthony Dawodu, Ph.D. and Godfrey Kovo Akpomie, M.Sc.
Fatty Acid and Amino Acid Profiles of an Under-Utilized Tropical African Seed: Adenanthera pavonina. M.N. Ogbuagu, Ph.D.* and Prof. S.A. Odoemelam.
RSM Optimization Process for Uptake of Water from Ethanol Water Solution Using Oxidized Starch. Monica Ebere Ejikeme, M.Eng.; Patrick C.N. Ejikeme, M.Eng.; and Benjamin N. Abalu, M.Eng.
Application of Recycled Rubber from Scrap Tire in the Removal of Phenol from Aqueous Solution. Felix A. Aisien, Ph.D.; Andrew N. Amenaghawon, M.Sc.; and Adetayo R. Adeboyejo, B.Eng.
Gas Chromatography-Flame Ionization Detector Analysis of the Phytochemical Composition of Pleurotus tuberregium (Fr) Sing’s Sclerotia: Potential Benefits. Catherine C. Ikewuchi; Jude C. Ikewuchi; Mercy O. Ifeanacho; Ngozi M. Igboh; and Ifeoma I. Ijeh.
Analysis of the Phytochemical Composition of the Leaves of Chromolaena odorata King and Robinson by Gas Chromatography-Flame Ionization Detector. Jude C. Ikewuchi; Catherine C. Ikewuchi; and Mercy O. Ifeanacho.
Life Sciences and Medicine
Morphological and Topographical Study of the Degree of Angulation between Posterior Inferior Iliac Spine and Ischial Spine of the Human Hip Bone and its Role in Determination of Sex. Abhishek Prasad Sinha; Anamika Kumari; Vijay P. Gupta; and Dil Islam Mansoor.
Incidence of Urinary Tract Infections among Out-Patients Attending Clinic in University of Calabar Teaching Hospital (UCTH), Calabar, Cross River State, Nigeria. Felix Chinedu Akubuenyi, M.Sc.; Josiah Lennox, Ph.D.; Emmanuel Ikpeme, Ph.D.; Kingsley Hovana Enyi-Idoh, Ph.D.; Susan Eta Etim, Ph.D.; Martin. Akeh, M.Sc.; and Fari Ijang, B.Sc.
Effectiveness of Jalaukavacaraṇa (Leech Therapy) in Acute Inflammatory Joint Disorders. Poorvi Athreya; Pradeep Grampurohit; Sangeeta Jahagirdhar; and Hemant D. Toshikhane.
Heamatotoxicity of Paint Effluent on Swiss Albino Mice. E.O. Oladele, Ph.D.; P.G.C. Odeigah, Ph.D.; and T. Yahaya, Ph.D.
Feed Forms of Different Particle Sizes: Effects on Growth Performance, Carcass Characteristics, and Intestinal Villus Morphology of Cockerel Chickens. Olajide M. Sogunle, Ph.D.; Bukola B. Olatoye, M.Agric.; Lawrence T. Egbeyale, Ph.D.; Adebayo V. Jegede, Ph.D.; Olajide A. Adeyemi, Ph.D.; Deji A. Ekunseitan, M. Agric.; and Kazeem O. Bello, Ph.D.
Effect of Pre-Incubation Storage Periods on Weight Loss, Embryonic Development, and Hatchability of Pullet Eggs. L.T. Egbeyale, Ph.D.; M.K. Bosa, B.Sc.; O.M. Sogunle, Ph.D.; and O.O. Adeleye, Ph.D.
Impact of Broiler Litter Waste and Urea Based Diets on Performance of Young West African Dwarf Goats. Azeez Olarenwaju Yusuf, M.Agric.; Deji Abiodun Ekunseitan, M.Agric.; Toheeb Oluwakemi Bawala, Ph.D.; Akeem Ayobami Ayoola, B.Agric.; and Adeola Esther Ogunnowo, B.Agric.
Effect of Deep Litter System with or without Access to Grass or Legume Pastures on Egg Fatty Acids and Proximate Composition. O.E. Oke, Ph.D.; O.M. Onagbesan, Ph.D.; A.O. Ladokun, Ph.D.; O.A. Adeyemi Ph.D.; and L.O. Obanla (Ph.D. in view).
Growth and Physiological Response of Local Turkey (Meleagris gallopavo) Offered Dietary Vitamin C. A.O. Oso, Ph.D.; O.E. Oke, Ph.D.; M.O. Abioja; J.A. Abiona, Ph.D.; G.A. Agbodo, B.Agric.; and T.O. Adebowale, M.Agric.
Dietary Effects of Solid-State Fermented Jatropha curcas Kernel Cake on West African Dwarf Goats in a Mixed Ration. G.O. Sanusi; M.A. Belewu; and B.O. Oduguwa.
Nutritional Evaluation and Phytochemical Screening of Common Plants used in Smallholder Farming System. A.O. Yusuf and R.O. Muritala.
Chemical Composition of Silage from Guinea Grass, Cassava Peel, and Brewery Waste as Affected by Ensiling Duration. Alaba Jolaosho, Ph.D.; Peter Dele, Ph.D.; Jimoh Olanite, Ph.D.; Oluwasanmi Arigbede, Ph.D.; Victoria Ojo, Ph.D.; and Oluwafemi Okukenu, M.Agric.
Comparative Analysis of Fertility Status in Irrigated and Non-Irrigated Rice Fields. H. Muntaqa, B.Sc., PGD; O.O Agbede, Ph.D.; and U.A Umar, M.Sc.
Effects of Substituting Wheat Flour with Plantain Flour in Beef Sausage Production. K.A. Sanwo; K. Ibrahim; S.O. Iposu; and J.A. Adegbite.
Anti-Microbial Effects of Olive Oil and Vinegar against Salmonella and Escherichia coli. Q.A. Shah, Ph.D.; F. Bibi, M.Sc.; and A.H. Shah, Ph.D., D.Sc.
Geology and Earth Science
Relevance of 2D Electrical Imaging in Subsurface Mapping: Case Study of National Animal Production Research Institute (NAPRI), Zaria. S.I. Fadele, Ph.D. (in view); J. Adamu, M.Sc.; N.O. Patrick, M.Sc.; and P.O. Sule, Ph.D.
Seismic Refraction Investigation for Groundwater Potential in Parts of Rivers State, Nigeria. Cyril N. Nwankwo, Ph.D.; Godwin O. Emujakporue, Ph.D.; Leonard I. Nwosu, Ph.D.
Basement Architecture in Part of the Niger Delta from Aeromagnetic Data and its Implication for Hydrocarbon Prospectivity. Sunday Oladele, M.Sc. and Samuel B. Ojo, Ph.D.
Geophysical Investigation of a Suspected Foundation Failure at Ogbomoso, Southwestern, Nigeria. Enoch E. Sangodiji, M.Sc. and Martins O. Olorunfemi, Ph.D.
A Graphical and Semi-Quantitative Technique for Investigating Vertical Electrical Sounding (VES) Curves for Indices of Confined Fractured Basement Column. Adebayo O. Ojo, M.Sc. and Martins O. Olorunfemi, Ph.D.
Determination of Elastic Constants and Seismic Velocity of Unconsolidated Layers around the Greater Port Harcourt City, Rivers State, Nigeria. Sylvester A. Ugwu, Ph.D. and Cyril N. Nwankwo, Ph.D.
Geophysical Assessment and Groundwater Quality in Michael Okpara University of Agriculture, Umudike, Abia State. M.U. Igboekwe, Ph.D.; A.B. Eke, Ph.D.; C.C. Emeka-Chris, M.Eng.; and G. Ihekweaba, Ph.D.
Hydrogeophysical Characterization of a Typical Basement Complex: A Case Study of Modomo/Eleweran Area Southwestern Nigeria. Saheed M. Taiwo, M.Sc.; M.O. Awoyemi, Ph.D.; F.I. Alabi, M.Sc.; A.O. Popoola, M.Sc.; O.S. Hammed, M.Sc.; and G.C. Onyedim, Ph.D.
Groundwater Flow Modeling at the Source of River Ethiope, Delta State, Nigeria. Fredrick Ogochukwu Okocha, M.Sc. and Edmund Atakpo, Ph.D.
Evaluating the Suitability of Post-treated Produced Water for Offshore Disposal: ‘BANGO’ Oilfield Niger Delta, Nigeria. George Uchebike Ozulu, M.Sc.
Environmental Science and Ecology
Assessment of Oil-Eating Fungi Isolated from Spent Engine Oil Polluted Soil Environments. Goddey Umanu, M.Sc. and Dami Saraya Dodo, B.Sc.
Comparative Assessment of the Relative Abundance and Diversity of Near-Shore and Offshore Communities of Benthic Macro-Invertebrates off the Bonny Estuary, Nigeria. Chinasa Uttah, M.Sc.; Emmanuel Uttah, Ph.D.; Raymond Ajang, Ph.D.; George I. Ukpong, Ph.D.; and Emmanuel Ogban, Ph.D.
Diversity and Spatial Structure of Benthic Macro-Invertebrates Community of Calabar River, Nigeria: Implications for Bio-Monitoring of River Environmental Quality. Chinasa Uttah, M.Sc.; E.C. Uttah, Ph.D.; F.C. Akubuenyi, M.Sc.; L.B. Etim, Ph.D.; S.E. Osim, M.Sc.; and R.O. Ajang, Ph.D.
The Taxa Structure and Composition of Zooplankton Communities of Bonny Estuary: A Bio-indication of Anthropogenic Activities. Emmanuel Uttah, Ph.D.; Jude Ogbeche, M.Sc.; George I. Ukpong, Ph.D.; Raymond Ajang, Ph.D.; Cletus Iboh, Ph.D.; and Isaac O. Ayanda, M.Sc.
Aquifer Characterization and Quality Assessment of Groundwater in Umuahia-South Area of Abia State, Southern Nigeria. C. Amos-Uhegbu; M.U. Igboekwe; and G.U. Chukwu.
Bridging the Gap between Available Aquifer Test Data and Missing Aquifer Hydraulic Characteristics using a Simple Graphical Approach. C. Amos-Uhegbu, Ph.D.
Plausible Geo-Medical and Environmental Consequence of Mining Economic Deposits Associated with some Major and Trace Elements: A Case Study of Limestone Mapped within the Albian-Turonian Awe Formation around Abuni and Environs in Nasarawa State. N. O. Patrick, M.Sc.; N.G. Obaje, Ph.D.; S.I. Fadele, Ph.D. (in view); and I. Adegoke, M.Sc. (in view).
Spatio-Temporal Levels of Essential Trace Metals around Municipal Solid Waste Dumpsite in Abeokuta, Nigeria. Adedayo A. Badejo, Ph.D.; Adeyemi O. Taiwo, B.Sc.; Adebola A. Adekunle, Ph.D.; and Babatunde S. Bada, Ph.D.
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