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Center-CSHD

Course Directory

Institute for Peace and International Studies
Institute for Studies in the Humanities
Institute for Religious Studies
Institute for Study of Aging
Institute for Human Sexuality and Gender Studies
University Center Courses

INSTITUTE FOR PEACE AND INTERNATIONAL STUDIES

PCE 501: Encountering Cultures (3 credits)
This course assists students in learning about "issues of language and culture, domestic cultural diversity, and global cultural diversity."

PCE 502: Political and Sociological Development in Western Europe (3 credits)
Students will be presented with information pertaining to political and sociological aspects of European integration and the study of economic aspects on the role of the European Union as an international organization.

PCE 503: Contemporary Europe (3 credits)
This course provides insight into the cultural history of Europe. Students will obtain information related to European economy, politics, social development and military and cultural changes.

PCE 504: Gender and the Cross-Cultural Society (3 credits)
Students will be provided insight into the anthropology of gender and gender roles within a world culture.

PCE 505: Global Environmental Studies (3 credits)
Through this interdisciplinary course students are introduced to the concept of global environmental change. The course "presents both Earth science and ecological concepts related to global change, as well as a discussion of the human dimensions of change."

PCE 506: Music and Film of the World (3 credits)
Emphasis in this course is on various forms of world music including music in India, Middle East, China, Japan, Sub-Saharan Africa, Europe, Latin America, North American Indians, and America. Relating to America, emphasis is on Jazz and Rock and Roll.

PCE 507: Women in America (3 credits)
This course provides insight into gender studies, women and power in American history, the role of women in American society and women's rights.

PCE 508: Psychology and Philosophy of Women -A Cultural View (3 credits)
Students will be introduced to the problems of sex roles, socialization, sexuality and violence, reproduction, and self-image. Emphasis will also be on women at work, the domestic scene, cultural feminism, radical feminism, socialist feminism and gender-inclusive feminism as well as the psychology of women.

PCE 509: Race Issues in America (6 credits)
This course consists of the reading of four books, which include information on the African-American Odyssey (based on oral histories including speeches, songs, stories and poetry), racial, ethnicity, and minority group politics in the United States, African American readings, and Blacks and the American political system.

PCE 510 Surviving the Threat of Terrorism (3 credits)
Since the September 11 attacks upon the United States, the treat of terrorism has become a devastatingly real threat that has effected us all. This course will look at the history of terrorism, terrorism today, and the realities behind the future threat of terrorism. Terrorist weaponry will be examined in detail, from conventional weaponry to weapons of mass destruction, with a particular emphasis upon the realities of biological; and chemical warfare. Issues regarding fear, panic, preparation, security, freedoms will be addressed. [Instructor: Prof. L. L. Vanderperre]

PCE 511: Diplomacy in America (3 credits)
Students will be introduced to American diplomatic theory and practice. Emphasis will be on political issues, legal, historical, and ethical positions and the role of the modern diplomat. The course provides insight into the development of United States policy and public diplomacy since the Second World War. In particular the course provides various ways in which the United States "practices public diplomacy through its diplomatic missions abroad &"

PCE 512: The Art of Diplomacy (3 credits)
This course provides insight into the role and application of statecraft. To quote Charles Freeman, "'statecraft is concerned with the application of the power of the state to other states and peoples. Diplomacy applies this power by persuasive appeals short of war."

PCE 513: The World in the 20th Century (3 credits)
This study is an integrated multidisciplinary program that allows students to understand the interdependence of the social sciences and an ability to apply material and perspectives from one discipline to questions in other areas of study.

PCE 514: Native American Culture (3 credits)
Students, who take this course, are introduced to an in-depth cultural evaluation of the American Indian from early beginnings to 1990.

PCE 515: Advanced Cultural Readings (3 credits)
This course provides an insightful approach to the study of cultural studies in America. Specifically, the course covers such topics as music, morality, crime, punishment, gender issues, work, money, power, and success.

PCE 516: European Intellectual Thought (3 credits)
Students will be introduced to the history of European intellectual thought after the French Revolution to Structuralism and beyond.

PCE 517: Ecology in a Changing World (3 credits)
This course is designed for the student with little scientific background but who would like to learn more about ecology. The course covers issues such as human ecology, population ecology, ecology as a science, ecosystems, etc.

PCE 518: International Law (3 credits)
The course provides students with theory and case law to describe international law from the view of the right of nations "reciprocity among governments, and collaborative efforts to achieve stability and peace." Students will see how international law relates to statehood, sovereignty, and international politics.

PCE 519: The Culture of India (3 credits)
Students will be introduced to the cultural and racial unity of India despite the existence of multifarious cultural, religious, and ethnic traditions.

PCE 520: America, A Multicultural Society (3 credits)
Students will be introduced to "ethnic minority issues from minority perspectives, through the writings of ethnic scholars." Topics will include Native American, African Americans, Hispanic Americans, Asian Americans, and Interethnic issues."

PCE 521: Asian Philosophies (3 credits)
The student will gain insight into Asian philosophical and religious traditions in such a way as to further their understanding of the life and culture of Asian people. The course will explore Indian philosophies, Buddhist philosophies, and Chinese philosophies.

PCE 522: Middle East - Past and Present (3 credits)
The student will obtain an overview of Middle East history from the advent of Islam until the present.

PCE 523: Historiography (3 credits)
This graduate course presents a scientific approach to the historical evaluation of history, which provides the student with experience at using internal and external criticism of primary and secondary resources, review of literature sources, synthesis and analysis of data, and advanced techniques in historiography. The course examines philosophies of history, historical methods, world civilizations, international relations and historical interpretations. Analysis of recent interpretations and methods for undertaking historical research is presented.

PCE 524: Diplomatic and International Relations (3 credits)
The course focuses on change and stability since the cold war. The course also identifies key perspectives and participants in world policy and diplomacy. Students upon completing this course will be able to identify concepts, trends and global concerns.

PCE 525: Diplomacy in the Arab-Israel Conflict (3 credits)
The course provides a comprehensive account of the Israel-Arab conflict up to the Israeli election of May 1999.

PCE 526: Knowledge Diplomacy (3 credits)
This course provides insight into the current information revolution and with this development the importance of maintaining intellectual property rights. This is achieved through patents, copyrights, and trademarks. Today, as never before, it is becoming more and more difficult to maintain these rights due to imitations and piracy of various items from the music, pharmaceuticals and film market. This is especially true in developing countries.

PCE 527: Five Decades of World Diplomatic Studies (3 credits)
Students will be introduced to the work of Abba Eban. The course begins with the role of President Truman in diplomacy and extends over a 50-year period to the late 1990s. The course describes the shaping of post-war events and the role of diplomacy in a 'realist' position. Eban argues that "countries make decisions that are in their own interests, and that any attempt to alter that by introducing supranational rules is likely to fail."

PCE 530: Political Theory (3 credits)
Students investigate major political theories in contemporary culture including the state, power, equality, freedom and human nature. Students explore current problems of political theory such as obligation, dissent, justification, sovereignty and tolerance culture including the growth and development of Marxism, liberalism and Western conservatism, democracy and socialism on the world scene.

PCE 531: Modern Political Thought (3 credits)
Students investigate leading political writings from Machiavelli to the present day. Students explore issues of authority, obligation, dissent, government and economy, politics and technology, alienation, anarchy, pacifism, positivism and existentialism across the democratic and Marxist systems.

PCE 532: Scope and Methods of Political Science (3 credits)
This course explores the basic principles, assumptions and methodologies of political inquiry and research techniques for gathering and analyzing data about political phenomena.

PCE 533: Political Design and Futuristics (3 credits)
Students explore the options and alternatives for the social and political systems of the future. Students project the likely conditions if current trends continue, they formulate visions for a better future and the means for their achievement.

PCE 534: Global Politics (3 credits)
(3 credits)
Students investigate principles and issues relative to politics among nations. Topics include concerns of the international community, the balance of power, international cooperation and conflict, peace and war.

PCE 535: Public Policy Formation and Analysis (3 credits)
Students study policy formulation, implementation, and evaluation issues at various levels of government. Attention is given to concepts of political economy, political analysis skills and approaches used by government agencies and consultants.

PCE 536 Political Psychology (3 credits)
This course examines the role of the individual in the political systems of nations including basic psychological constructs of relevance to political action, the formulation and maintenance of stable political orientations, the patterns linking the individual to the political arena, and major modes of inquiry.

PCE 537 Political Sociology (3 credits)
A careful analysis of political institutions and movements in relation to power, social class, ideology, and related variables.

PCE 538: Political Development (3 credits)
This course covers the concepts of political development, political modernization, and political change across western and non-western political systems. Topics include political integration, political violence, political parties, and interest groups and political elite.

PCE 539: Problems in Political Development (3 credits)
This course provides a concept and process analysis of Western and non-Western political systems. Topics include political culture, political socialization, pluralism, political violence, political participation, and political elite.

PCE 541: Race and Ethnicity in Politics (3 credits)
Students investigate the history of racial and ethnic inequality, mechanisms of institutional racism in employment, education, criminal justice, electoral politics and history and means of reconciliation.

PCE 542: Gender Politics (3 credits)
This course provides a cross-cultural perspective of the political issues relative to gender roles and gender equity. Students investigate the role of women in society and their participation within the political arena of Western and non-Western countries.

PCE 543: Public Opinion (3 credits)
This course is a survey of the processes by which citizens formulate their opinions on public matters and transmit them to governmental decision-makers. Issues related to public opinion polls and political surveys are also covered.

PCE 544: The Politics of Media (3 credits)
This course is the study of government control of the media and the influence of the media on politics and public opinion. Students study the issues and ethics of political manipulation of media images.

PCE 545: Feminist Politics and the State (3 credits)
The unit aims to develop critical and comparative understandings of the contributions of women throughout history and the impacts of recent feminist social and political reforms. Students investigate feminist critiques of the state, political processes and women's citizenship. Topics explore indigenous women in their relationship with the state, sexuality in history, women and war, equal opportunity and affirmative action practices, women and trade unions, and feminist economics.

PCE 546: Refugees in Global Politics (3 credits)
This unit aims to develop understanding of key refugee issues in contemporary world politics. Attention is given to the root causes of refugees and the character of refugee flows; refugees in foreign policy, with an emphasis on the challenge to states' security in the post-cold-war world; the structure of the international refugee regime; emergency and longer term assistance to refugees; international refugee law, including states' adherence to legal norms; and state and internationally cast solutions to refugee crises with special reference to voluntary repatriation and the subsequent reintegration of refugees.

PCE 547: Perspectives of Political Leadership (3 credits)
Students explore concepts and theories of political leadership through advanced historical readings in the biographies of great world leaders and dictators.

PCE 548: Non-Violent Political Alternatives (3 credits)
This course investigates cultural and scientific resources for nonviolent, non-killing alternatives in politics as bases for future transformative action.

PCE 556: Human Rights in the International Community (3 credits)
Students investigate the emerging human rights agendas in world politics, the philosophical foundations of human rights claims and their interplay with the states system. . Topics explore the idea of political and civil rights, economic and social rights, the concept of citizenship and international citizenship. Some emphasis is given to theories of rights, and the major institutions, conventions and mechanisms designed to protect human rights, both under the United Nations system and under regional arrangements. Also included are studies of civil, political, economic, social, cultural and group rights as well as alternative methods for enforcing and implementing human rights including human rights treaties.

PCE 549: Legal Advocacy (3 credits)
This course is designed for advanced development of legal research skills, persuasive writing and oral advocacy. Students work on the preparation of summary judgment motions and appellate briefs and argue their assigned case "virtually" before a panel of Greenwich legal faculty. Students study the nuances of legal research and oral advocacy and the art of persuasive legal writing.

PCE 550: Alternative Dispute Resolution (3 credits)
This course examines the limitations, consequences, and costs, as well as the indispensability of some aspects of modern litigation. Topics review the possibilities, requirements, and legal problems of consensual and court-annexed dispute resolution processes that are alternative to final judicial adjudication. Students examine the processes of legal counseling, negotiation, mediation, arbitration, mini-trials, summary trials, summary jury trials, early neutral evaluation, private resolution providers, and settlement processes.

PCE 551: International Dispute Resolution (3 credits)
This course examines the definition of an international dispute and studies the participants and causes of international disputes, and the processes for international dispute resolution. Topics cover negotiation, fact-finding, mediation, conciliation, arbitration, adjudication and regional methods.

PCE 552: Development Experience in the Third World (3 credits)
The subject examines the meaning of development and development strategies in poor economies from the perspectives of economics, history, geography, politics and sociology. Topics include anthropological issues, long term contemporary trends in Third World development and alleviation of poverty.

PCE 553: International Relations Theory (3 credits)
This subject surveys the principal theoretical perspectives on international relations and explores their relevance to understanding contemporary issues and developments in world politics. Topics focus on the evolution of international thought in the twentieth century by concentrating on the debates and disputes between competing intellectual perspectives in areas such as human rights, sovereignty, international organizations, and the environment.

PCE 554: The Evolution of the International System (3 credits)
This subject investigates how the contemporary world was organized into independent sovereign states. Topics cover sources of conflict between states, and what forms of governance have evolved to enable states to coexist and co-operate. Students will examine how the rise of modern institutions of international governance trend toward a system of global governance and supranational law in an increasingly diverse system of sovereign states.

PCE 555: International Political Economy (3 credits)
This subject introduces the main schools of thinking about international political economy by focusing upon the patterns of evolution in the global political economy since the Second World War. Topics examine theoretical approaches to international political economy including neo-liberalism, neo-mercantilism, neo-Marxism, and the post-war history of the world economy. Students also study contemporary issues and problems such as trade, debt, class, regional economies and transnational corporations. Attention is given to the nature of the international regimes established at the end of World War II to regulate international exchanges of money, trade and commodities and to the extent of change now evident in those regimes. The role of non-state actors, and the growth of regionalism and globalization in the contemporary world economy is also examined.

PCE 556: Foreign and Defense Policy (3 credits)
Students study the structures and processes for formulating, implementing and administering foreign policies and defense policies of select nations (Australia, United States, Britain, Japan and others). Students also explore the impact of foreign and defense policy behaviors on the international system.

PCE 557: Foreign Policy Studies (3 credits)
This unit begins with an overview of how defense and foreign policies have evolved in nations since the end of the Second World War. Topics considers how is foreign policy is established, the roles of key actors and interests involved; and policies shaped largely by external factors. Students also study defense policy issues including regional engagement, intervention, bilateralism and multilateralism, the role of middle powers and middle power diplomacy, and "good international citizenship".

PCE 558: Global Governance (3 credits)
This subject introduces students to the nature, institutions, and problems of global governance. Topics examine the concept of global governance and explore the principal institutions and organizations of such governance and the basic institutional practices of diplomacy, international law, and multilateralism. Students study the development of universal conferences of states from the Hague Conferences to the League of Nations and the United Nations. Also included is the study of problems of global governance, including the role of ethics in international relations, the continued value of state sovereignty, the politics of intervention, and the complex relationship between economic, security and humanitarian institutions of global governance.

PCE 559: Global Security (3 credits)
This subject considers the nature of security, and of security studies, in the context of contemporary global politics. Attention is given to contending theoretical perspectives, the role of strategic culture in defining interests, globalization, the changing nature of deadly conflict, the dilemmas of weak states, the growing desperation of the world's poor, and ethnic conflict. Students also explore non-military cross-border threats such as environmental degradation, migration, drugs and other issues that influence how security is understood. This subject also explores the changing nature of the international system and the power relationships that form the system. Students investigate the evolution of strategic thought, alternative theoretical frameworks of analysis (realism, critical security and constructivism) and current debates within the field (deterrence, nuclear strategy, proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, modern warfare and the revolution in military affairs or cyber-warfare).

PCE 559: Genocide Studies (3 credits)
Students investigate theories of genocide and specific features of particular instances of genocide. Case studies include the Armenian massacres of the First World War, the Jewish Holocaust of the Second World War, the Cambodian genocide, the Rwandan massacres, and genocide in the most recent Balkan wars. The role of the international community in intervening to prevent genocide is considered.

PCE 562: United Nations (3 credits)
This subject analyses the philosophical and political foundations of the United Nations. Students study the emergence of global governance and UN reform in disarmament, humanitarian intervention, the environment and rights of women.

PCE 563: Managing Global Risk (3 credits)
This subject investigates the impact of globalization upon the power of the state, and the relationship between state and civil society. Topics explore the meaning of globalization and its impact upon the nature of work and employment, mutual obligation, technological innovation and change, surveillance and control, urban form and amenity, and the environment.

PCE 565: International Organizations (3 credits)
This course addresses characteristic legal issues arising out of the creation and operation of organizations of nation states, especially UN organizations. It examines issues of constitutional interpretation, law-making, and enforcement involving international labor rights and UN peacekeeping missions. Students study current issues before the UN's General Assembly and the Security Council.

PCE 568: Public Governance and Accountability
This subject covers issues of public and private sector management including political, legal, fiscal and ethical accountability. Students explore the extent to which private sector management approaches can be applied or adapted for the public sector and the delivery of government services.

PCE 570: International Law (3 credits)
This course is a survey of public international law emphasizing the nature, sources, and subjects of international law and its place in the control of international society. Topics include an examination of the law of jurisdiction, territory, recognition and succession of states, rights and immunities of states in foreign courts, diplomatic immunities, treaties, custom and general principles, protection of citizens abroad, settlement of international disputes, war and neutrality, the United Nations, and the International Court of Justice. Topics also cover the structure of international legal institutions, and the incorporation of international law within the legal systems of Australia, USA, New Zealand, Canada and Britain.

PCE 571: Transnational Nature of Law (3 credits)
This course provides an overview of the international dimensions of law. Topics include public and private international law with a particular view to the professional needs of lawyers, both in government and in private practice. The course covers the minimum every lawyer should know about law beyond the domestic scene in order to be qualified for practice in an age in which virtually every area of law is being affected by international aspects.

PCE 572: International Human Rights (3 credits)
This course examines international efforts to protect human rights and the international organizations (like the United Nations) that coordinate and supplement efforts at the domestic level. Topics explore the international legal regime through issues of collective security and the promotion of human rights. Students investigate the standing of governments, international organizations, and individuals in the international legal system and the rules governing the creation and interpretation of international law. Topics also examine how international law binds sovereign states and the prospects for meaningful enforcement of international law.

PCE 573: International Humanitarian Law (3 credits)
Students develop understanding of the nature and evolution of international humanitarian law. Topics cover the laws of war applying to combatants and non-combatants, torture, protection of children and journalists and the history of the law's enforcement. Students examine the development of international institutions such as the Red Cross, Red Crescent and UN agencies such as the United Nations High Commission for Refugees (UNHCR), and international criminal courts and relates law and institutions to theoretical perspectives on international relations.

PCE 575: Learning Foreign Law (3 credits)
This course examines the process by which one learns a foreign legal system. Topics reflect on the nature of the law and the intellectual and imaginative process of acculturation to them.

PCE 598: Selected Topics in International Studies (3 credits)
This course provides students with opportunities for directed study in advanced aspects of the discipline under the mentorship of qualified faculty. Students pursue advanced readings in approved subject areas as assigned by faculty, conduct library and online searches for existing academic literature, conduct field investigations on the topic and construct reflective papers under the direction of the course instructor.

PCE 599: Advanced Readings in International Studies (3 credits)
In collaboration with the instructor, students select and pursue exhaustive advanced readings in study of a selected aspect of International Studies. This course is intended to allow students to add in a significant manner to the body of knowledge in this field and a scholarly paper is required (of the quality suitable for publication).

PCE 751: Graduate Field Study (1-6 credits)
The goal of the field study is to investigate core aspects of the discipline within the professional environment through close contact with practitioners and "real world" situations. Student participation should cover a minimum of 50 hours of contact with the subject matter for each credit awarded. The field placement is expected to afford students appropriate practical hands-on experience and in-depth knowledge of their professions. Students complete a daily journal and prepare a scholarly paper summarizing their findings for the field study. Prerequisites: Students must first complete core subjects.

PCE 752: Advanced Graduate Field Study (1-6 credits)
The goal of the advanced field study is to guide students in demonstrating increased professional competencies in addressing aspects of the professional field relative to the discipline under investigation. Students pursue the advanced field study requirement as a supervised practicum under the direction of the course instructor and an approved field site sponsor. Student participation should cover a minimum of 50 hours of contact with the subject matter for each credit awarded. Note: This course is limited to Doctoral students only.

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Institute for Studies in the Humanities

HUM 500: Introduction to the Humanities: A Thematic Approach to Liberal Arts (3 credits)
This guided approach to Liberal Arts is unified by the ancient advice to "Know Thyself." The word "Liberal" has the same root as "Liberate." Liberal Arts should be the study of what leads to freedom, as in "The truth shall set you free." The self-knowledge theme of this Masters Degree program provides guides to a variety of subjects that enable students to think deeper and more clearly. The student will learn to penetrate music, art and literature beyond the purely intellectual. An inspirational approach is used to bring deeper meaning to the Humanities. Questions and thoughts for contemplation will be provided which require written responses. [Instructor: Andrew Flaxman]

HUM 501: Introduction to Rembrandt (3 credits)
Through studying Rembrandts self portraits and other works (in particular The Anatomy Lesson of Dr. Tulp, The Return of the Prodigal Son, The Polish Rider, The Evangelist Matthew Inspired by the Angel), we will consider the development of his skills and consciousness through his career. His paintings and biography will be discussed in the context of the evolution of Human consciousness. Questions and thoughts for contemplation will be provided which require written responses. [Instructor: Andrew Flaxman]

HUM 502: Hesse and Jung: Gnosticism in Modern Form (3 credits)
Gnosis means to know. Gnosticism was an ancient religion suppressed by the Catholic Church. The student will study Demian, by Hermann Hesse, The Gnostic Gospels, by Elaine Pagels and Memories, Dreams, Reflections, by Carl Jung to discover the nature of gnosticism in both its ancient and modern forms. Questions and thoughts for contemplation will be provided which require written responses. [Instructor: Andrew Flaxman]

HUM 503: The Destiny of Abraham Lincoln (3 credits)
This student will study the biography of Lincoln. We will consider how Lincoln viewed free will, destiny, pacifism and psychic phenomena. Emphasis will be placed on his personal relationships and beliefs and how these affected his mission. The course should leave the student with a better understanding of how important it was for humanity that the United States be held together. Questions and thoughts for contemplation will be provided which require written responses. [Instructor: Andrew Flaxman]

HUM 504: Sufi Tales as a Key to Learning (3 credits)
Sufism is the secret path of the Moslem faith. Through the study of several Sufi Tales, the student will explore unexamined pre-suppositions to achieve a deeper understanding of self and the world. Questions and thoughts for contemplation will be provided which require written responses. [Instructor: Andrew Flaxman]

HUM 505: Mozart and the Evolution of Western Music (3 credits)
Mozart will be studied in the context of the evolution of Human consciousness. The student will read a biography of Mozart, listen to Mozarts String Quintet in G Minor (K516), Mozarts Piano concerto in A Major (k.488), and listen to and/or view The Magic Flute. The outcome of this course will be an appreciation of Mozart and an increased awareness of how melody, harmony and rhythm relate to our thinking, feeling and doing. Questions and thoughts follow the course guide, which require written responses. [Instructor: Andrew Flaxman]

HUM 506: Shakespeare, Drama, and Self-Knowledge (6 credits)
Students will read and/or view King Lear, Hamlet and The Tempest and relate these plays to various levels of self-knowledge. Special emphasis will be placed on insights found in the tragedy of King Lear so that we may avoid such an outcome for ourselves. Questions and thoughts follow the course guide, which require written responses. [Instructor: Andrew Flaxman]

HUM 507: Science and the Spiritual Quest (3 credits)
Students will read The Tao of Physics by Fritjof Capra and The Dancing Wu Li Masters by Gary Zukav. The emphasis will be on relating Eastern philosophy to modern physics and a critical analysis of this analogy. Questions and thoughts follow the course guide, which require written responses. [Instructor: Andrew Flaxman]

HUM 508: Job, Oedipus and Blake: Self-Knowledge, Ancient and Modern (3 credits)
Students will read Oedipus Rex by Sophocles, the Book of Job and study Blakes Illustrations to this book of the Bible. The thrust of the course will be to compare the self-knowledge aspects of each of these great works to our own ideas of self. Questions and thoughts follow the course guide, which require written responses. [Instructor: Andrew Flaxman]

HUM 509: From Myths and fairy Tales to Autobiography (3 credits)
The emphasis on this course will be on understanding how the evolution of Human self-consciousness awareness is to be seen in our own autobiography. Students will read selections from both Mythology by Edith Hamilton and Fairy Tales by Grimm, and read Pathfinders by Gail Sheehy. Questions and thoughts follow the course guide, which require written responses. [Instructor: Andrew Flaxman]

HUM 510: Love as a Path of Transformation (3 credits)
The thrust of this course will be to understand how the concept and practice of love has evolved over time and can be used as a path of self-transformation. The student will read Platos Symposium, selections from Aristotles Nichomachean Ethics and the Gospel of St. John. Questions and thoughts follow the course guide, which require written responses. [Instructor: Andrew Flaxman]

HUM 511: Dostoevski: Freedom and Self-Government (3 credits)
The focus of this course will be on the evolution of freedom and its spiritual and philosophical underpinnings. The student will read Dostoevskis The Grand Inquisitor and The Liberty Bell Papers by Virginia Moore. Insights will be provided to help confront the future. Questions and thoughts follow the course guide, which require written responses. [Instructor: Andrew Flaxman]

HUM 512: Economics and the Development of Responsible Individualism (6 credits)
This course will focus on the need to understand and consciously affect the New World economy. Special emphasis will be on the question "What is money?" The student will read Small is Beautiful by E. F. Schumacher, Money and Freedom by Hans F. Sennholz, Money and the Meaning of Life by Jacob Needleman and Reincarnation and Immortality by Rudolf Steiner. Questions and thoughts follow the course guide, which require written responses. [Instructor: Andrew Flaxman]

HUM 513: The Edge of Maughams Razor
The Razors Edge by W. Somerset Maugham was a best seller when it was first published in 1943. Students will read this novel and learn how to discern the elements that made for its popular success. They will then contrast this with both a critique of the philosophy underlying its story and the authors own spiritual struggle. The course also entails reading other of Maughams autobiographical works to learn from his creative processes. Questions and thoughts follow the lecture/guide which requires written responses. [Instructor: Andrew Flaxman]

HUM 521: Leonardo, the Turning Point (3 credits)
The student will become familiar with the art of Leonardo da Vinci with special emphasis on The Last Supper. The focus of this course will be to discover the wisdom that underlies this great work of art. Questions and thoughts follow the course guide, which require response. [Instructor: Andrew Flaxman]

HUM 522: The Hidden Wisdom of Goethe (3 credits)
Goethe is to German culture as Shakespeare is to ours. The thrust of this course will be to become familiar with the life and philosophy of Goethe by reading his biography and selected aphorisms. Questions and thoughts follow the course guide, which require response. [Instructor: Andrew Flaxman]

HUM 523: Benjamin Franklin, American Initiate (3 credits)
The focus of this course is to discover the wisdom of Benjamin Franklin and his relationship to Freemasonry and Rosicrusianism. Students will read The Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin along with a biography of Franklin. Questions and thoughts follow the course guide, which require response. [Instructor: Andrew Flaxman]

HUM 524: The Bhagavad Gita and Self-Education (3 credits)
The thrust of this course is to become familiar with The Bhagavad Gita and its implications for education. Students will read this great work in two different translations and compare it to How to Know Higher Worlds by Rudolf Steiner. Questions and thoughts follow the course guide, which require response. [Instructor: Andrew Flaxman]

HUM 525: Beethoven, the Spirit of Prometheus (3 credits)
This course will focus on the revolutionary nature of Beethoven, his spiritual growth, and how his music relates to the modern ego. Students will read Beethoven by W.N. Sullivan and listen to the Symphony no. 3 and Quartet for Strings, opus 131 in c# minor. Questions and thoughts follow the course guide, which require response. [Instructor: Andrew Flaxman]

HUM 526: Dante and the Way of Self-Discovery (3 credits)
This course will focus on the psychological and spiritual levels of Dantes The Divine Comedy. Special attention will be paid to Paradiso as a description of self-actualization. Students will read this great masterpiece in its entirety. Questions and thoughts follow the course guide, which require response. [Instructor: Andrew Flaxman]

HUM 527: Truth and Science (3 credits)
The focus of this course will be to discover the relationship between truth and science. Through a review of the history of science students will be able to distinguish between theory, belief and knowledge. Insights will be offered concerning the nature of reality. Reading will consist of two books: Catching the Light by Arthur Zajonc and Quantum Questions by Ken Wilbur. Questions and thoughts follow the course guide, which require response. [Instructor: Andrew Flaxman]

HUM 528: Understanding the Modern Ego (3 credits)
The focus of this course will be to understand our sense of self through two great pieces of literature: The Heart of Darkness by Joseph Conrad and The Death of Ivan Ilych by Leo Tolstoy. Emphasis will be on the dangers inherent in becoming stuck in the lower self. Questions and thoughts follow the course guide, which require response. [Instructor: Andrew Flaxman]

HUM 529: Toward a New Form of Consciousness (3 credits)
The thrust of this course will be to understand the process of transforming our current normal state of consciousness to a healthy state of consciousness. Students will read Higher Creativity by Willis Harmon and Howard Rheingold, Eleven European Mystics by Rudolf Steiner, and From Normal to Health by Georg Kuhlewind. Questions and thoughts follow the course guide which require response. [Instructor: Andrew Flaxman]

HUM 530: Thinking About Thinking (3 credits)
Goethe once said that thinking about thinking would make one grow mad. Students will learn how to begin this process without going mad by reading Thinking About Thinking by Alan Howard and the novel The Place of the Lion by Charles Williams. Questions and thoughts follow the course guide, which require response. [Instructor: Andrew Flaxman]

HUM 531: Learning from History (6 credits)
Why do political leaders throughout history so often act contrary to their own and their peoples enlightened self-interest? How is it that wisdom does not seem to prevail in decision making? This course will attempt to answer these questions and provide a way to learn from history. Students will read History of the Peloponnesian War by Thucydides, The Prince by Machiavelli, On Civil Disobedience by Henry David Thoreau, and Letter from Birmingham City Jail by Martin Luther King, Jr. Questions and thoughts follow the course guide, which require response. [Instructor: Andrew Flaxman]

HUM 532: The Profit Motive (3 credits)
What is profit? Through a review of history from Biblical times to the present, this course provides an answer to this question from different perspectives. Students will read The Worldly Philosopher by Robert Heilbroner, The Servant as Leader by Robert K. Greenleaf and The Soul of Economies by Denise Breton and Christopher Largent. Questions and thoughts follow the course guide, which require response. [Instructor: Andrew Flaxman]

HUM 533: Introduction to Holistic Education (3 credits)
What is holistic education? What are the primary philosophies that distinguish it from traditional education? Who were the pioneers in holistic education? How and where are these ideas practiced today? Throughout the 200-year history of public schooling, a widely scattered group of critics have pointed out that the education of young Human Beings should involve much more than simply molding them into future workers or citizens. This course explores the ideas of Rousseau, the Swiss humanitarian Johann Pestalozzi, the American Transcendentalists Thoreau, Emerson and Alcott, the founders of progressive education--Francis Parker and John Dewey, and the pioneers Maria Montessori, Krishnamurti, Sri Aurobindo Ghose, Sazrat Inayat Khan, and Rudolf Steiner,. Questions and assignments that require written responses follow the lecture/guide. [Instructors: Andrew Flaxman and Ron Miller]

HUM 534: Thinking Beyond Darwin (3 credits)
Darwin's theory of evolution has had an enormous influence on the modern world, not all to Humankind's benefit. This course will critically examine the theory and point out the riches that lie beyond its simplistic strictures. Students will be exposed to a Goethean approach to evolutionary phenomena by reading Thinking Beyond Darwin by Ernst Michael Kranich and One Long Argument: Charles Darwin and the Genesis of Modern Evolutionary Thought by Ernst Mayr. Questions and assignments that require written responses follow the lecture/guide. [Instructors: Andrew Flaxman and Craig Holdrege]

HUM 535: Science, Values and the Future Life (3 credits)
This course entails the studying of three books about holistic science: The Marriage of Sense and Thought  Imaginative Participation in Science by Stephen Edelglass, Georg Maier, Hans Gebert, and John Davy; Genetics and the Manipulation of Life by Craig Holdrege; and Insight-Imagination, The Emancipation of Thought and the Modern World by Douglas Sloan. These well written books all require great thoughtfulness. The student thereby will be introduced to an alternative approach to the scientific reductionism prevalent in the modern world. Reductionism in science is the tendency to reduce things to the smallest most basic level to provide a working explanation, something that others can work with and use. Questions and assignments that require written responses follow the lecture/guide. [Instructors: Flaxman, Edelglass, Maier, Gebert and Davy]

HUM 536: Evil and World Order (3 credits)
How is it that when we try to do good we can often end up by creating greater evil? How do we make the world a better place? Is it possible that unenlightened people can transform the world? The answers to these questions require a transformed thinking ability. To help us are some insights about Sophia (the Being of Wisdom) from the great Russian philosopher Vladimir Solovyov. He prophesized over 100 years ago that there would be a great conflagration in the Mid-east in the 21st century involving all of the world's peoples. Required readings are Solovyov's War, Progress and the End of History with his story of the Anti-Christ and Thompson's Evil and World Order. [Instructor: Andrew Flaxman]

HUM 551: A Bridge to the New World: Van Gogh and Modern Art (3 credits)
Vincent Van Gogh is considered one of the founders of modern art. This course will focus on appreciating his art as a bridge to a new level of self-conscious awareness. Students will read Art and Human Consciousness by Gottfried Richter and study Van Goghs paintings and biography. Questions and thoughts follow the course guide, which require response. [Instructor: Andrew Flaxman]

HUM 552: Thinking with the Heart (3 credits)
Woody Allen has been quoted Its very hard to get your heart and head together in life. In my case theyre not even friendly. This course will focus on the obstacles and the process of uniting thoughts with feelings. To accomplish this, students will read Meditations through the Rg Veda by Antonio T. de Nicolas and Enlivening the Chakra of the Heart by Florin Lowndes. Questions and thoughts follow the course guide, which require response. [Instructor: Andrew Flaxman]

HUM 553: The Philanthropy of Carnegie and Toystoy (3 credits)
We all embody the way we think. By penetrating the contrasting philosophies of Leo Tolstoys Idealism with Andrew Carnegies Realism students will be able to expand their own scope of humanitarianism. The course requires the reading of The Gospel of Wealth by Andrew Carnegie, the biography, Tolstoy by A.N. Wilson and The Kingdom of God is Within You by Tolstoy. Questions and thoughts follow the course guide, which require response. [Instructor: Andrew Flaxman]

HUM 554: Education and Democracy (3 credits)
No form of government is more dependent upon education than is democracy. Does it then follow that we must establish high standards and accountability for mass education? For education to remain free of governmental controls new approaches to public education must be promoted. This course will help increase awareness of the issues involved. Students will read The Millennial Child by Eugene Schwartz, Educational Freedom for a Democratic Society by Ron Miller, ed., Deschooling Society by Ivan Illich and In Fear of Freedom by Jeffrey Kane. Questions and thoughts follow the course guide, which require response. [Instructors: Andrew Flaxman]

HUM 555: Walt Whitman: Poet of the Sublime (3 credits)
This course will focus on Walt Whitman as a seer and a prophet whose genius has not yet been wholly appreciated. Many of his readers are not aware that he is one of the great teachers of Humankind, nor that his poetry is an instrument for helping to bring about a transformation of consciousness in each individual. Students will read a biography of Whitman and a selection of his poems. Questions and thoughts follow the course guide, which require response. [Instructor: Andrew Flaxman]

HUM 556: Emerson: Spiritual Teacher (3 credits)
Ralph Waldo Emerson, the American transcendentalist, poet, essayist, and reformer has served as one of the founders of Americas cultural heritage. But today he can also serve as a spiritual teacher. This course emphases Emersons teaching that we can attain an original relation to the universe and not have to rely on only the revelations and traditions of earlier generations. Students will read Spiritual Teachings of Emerson by Richard Geldard, American Heralds of the Spirit by John Fentress Gardner and Essays by Emerson. Questions and thoughts follow the course guide, which require response. [Instructor: Andrew Flaxman]

HUM 557: The Roots of Genius: Thomas Edison and Henry Ford (3 credits)
In Roman mythology Genius was a guardian spirit. The focus of this course is to help lead us once again to discover the spiritual nature of our genius by looking into the insights about reincarnation by two prominent geniuses of the past century, Thomas Alva Edison and Henry Ford. Students will read Edison: Inventing the Century by Neil Baldwin, Henry Ford, Ignorant Idealist by David Nye and Reincarnation: The Phoenix Fire Mystery by Head & Cranston. Questions and thoughts follow the course guide, which require response. [Instructor: Andrew Flaxman]

HUM 558: Economics of the 21st Century (3 credits)
The thrust of this course is to discover practical solutions to the economic problems we face and to suggest new ways of thinking about the meaning of work and wages. Students will read Beyond the Market, Gaudenz Assenza and Of Wheat and Gold, Thoughts on the Nature and Future of Money, Christopher Budd. Questions and thoughts follow the course guide, which require response. [Instructor: Dr. Andrew Flaxman]

HUM 598: Perennial Philosophy and Psychology (3 credits)
Focus is on the worldview, epistemology and ethics of a universal perennial philosophy and psychology compiled of world literature by Aldous Huxley. Readings will be from the anthology of literature that espouses a worldview that a subtler causal reality substands the material world, that there is a psychology of paths beyond ego to the experience of that reality, and the ethics of universals based upon these recognitions and the synthesis of life. Required books include Huxley, Aldous ) The Perennial Philosophy (Harper Colophon); Walsh, Roger and Vaughan, Francis Paths Beyond Ego (Tarcher/Putnam). [Instructor: Dr. Joann Bakula]

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Institute for Religious Studies

REL 501: Introduction to Religion: A Theoretical Approach (3 credits)
This course is an introduction to the methodological studies to the origins of academic studies of religion including anthropological, psychological, sociological, phenomenological, and functional approaches to name a few. We will read excerpts and/or articles from such theorists as Muller, Freud, Marx, Otto, Geertz, Suzuki, Durkheim, Weber, Turner, Douglas, and Levi-Strauss. [Instructor: Jennifer E. Eaton]

REL 502: Introduction to Biblical Literature (3 credits)
This course is designed to challenge the student to critically read and think about Biblical literature. The course explores the historical settings, language, narratives, and writings that have contributed to the collection of Biblical literature. [Instructor: Jennifer E. Eaton]

REL 504: History of Christianity (3 credits)
From the first century to the twenty-first century, this course will offer an overview of the major historical figures, their beliefs, philosophies, and ideas that have participated in the shaping of the tradition of the church. Major sections of study will include the Church Fathers, the Fall of Rome, the beginning of the Holy Roman Catholic church, the Byzantine church, the Middle Ages, the Renaissance and Reformation, the Enlightenment period, Modernity, and Postmodernity. Excerpts of primary text of the major figures presented will supplement a textbook on the History of Christianity. [Instructor: Jennifer E. Eaton]

REL 505: Great Leaders in Church History
For over two thousand years, the Christian faith has produced great people and lived through epic events. History provides the student with a framework of understanding and a direction for future events. This course highlights the people, that provided leadership of Church movements, philosophies, and events that have altered and illuminated the Christian Era. [Instructor: Prof. John Williamson]

REL 506: World Religions (3 credits)
This course will be an overview of the major world religions in both Eastern and Western civilization. Students will take a comparative approach to the study of Hinduism, Buddhism, Shintoism, Jainism, Islam, Judaism, Christianity and others. Excerpts from religious literature (eg. Koran, Bible, Hebrew Bible, and the Gita) will be read alongside a general textbook. Issues of language, culture, history, and sociology will also be discussed. [Instructor: Jennifer E. Eaton]

REL 508: History of Theology (3 credits)
As a complement to the History of Christianity, this course will cover the major theological figures/thinkers from the first century unto today. From Paul to Sallie McFague, students will review the historical background of ideology, beliefs, and history of the church that impacted the writings of persons such as Aquinas, Calvin, Luther, and Barth. The section will be divided into epochs and focused upon the theologians within those epochs. [Instructor: Jennifer E. Eaton]

REL 509: Contemporary Theology
Since the time of the Reformation in the sixteenth century, Christianity has undergone enormous and profound changes. Those changes have primarily been concerned with the struggle between Transcendence and Immanence. Two major contesting schools of thought have emerged and each embraces a significant portion of the "church." The course surveys that struggle over the past several hundred years. [Instructor: Prof. John Williamson]

REL 510: Philosophy of Religion (3 credits)
Students will participate in the great conversation of thought and ideas of "the love of wisdom," an will review the works and contributions of major philosophical figures from Plato to Rorty. The course will be divided into epochs, and the major philosophical thinkers will be highlighted: Plato, Aristotle, Augustine, Aquinas, Descartes, Hume, Kierkegaard, Wittgenstein, and Rorty. This course will illuminate the philosophical backbone of ideas in Western Civilization and its impact upon religion. [Instructor: Jennifer E. Eaton]

REL 511: New Testament Criticism (3 credits)
The course offers a historical overview of the discipline in which different critical methods and approaches will be outlined Textual Criticism, Linguistic Criticism, Historical Criticism, Literary Criticism/Source Criticism, Form Criticism, Redaction Criticism, Structural Analysis). The students will get acquainted with the resources, tools, and techniques employed in the area of NT studies. The goal of the course is to enable the student to begin independent work on historical, exegetical and theological issues in the New Testament. [Instructor: Dr. Davorin Peterlin]

REL 512: New Testament Sociology (3 credits)
The course will introduce students to the discipline of sociology and its scope, limitations and dangers as applied to the New Testament material. A history of the sociology of the New Testament approach will be sketched, different strands outlined and representative works surveyed. [Instructor: Dr. Davorin Peterlin]

REL 520: Non-Christian Religions
Religion plays a major role in societies, cultures, individual thoughts, attitudes, and actions. Although Christianity claims the most adherents on the globe, other major faiths also have significant followings. This course will survey the faith systems, philosophies and foundations of: Islam, Hinduism, Buddhism, Confususism, Shinto, Zoroastrianism, and Toaism. [Instructor: Prof. John Williamson]

REL 521: Christian Cults
How is a "cult" defined and detected? The United States has been home to a variety of cults that proclaim some allegiance to the Bible. The course will survey those groups and discuss the unique ways each one interprets the Christian Scriptures. [Instructor: Prof. John Williamson]

REL 550: Nouthetic Christian Counseling (3 credits)
Four major counseling methodologies (Freudian, Rogerian, Skinnerian, and Nouthetic) are often used in spiritual counseling. This course explores the principles and practices of Nouthetic Counseling. Unlike other theories, Nouthetic Counseling begins with two presuppositions: a) abnormal behavior is caused by sin, organic illness, or Satanic influence, and b) the Bible is Gods authority for how we are to live. [Instructor: Prof. John Williamson]

REL 570: The Philosophy of Missions
The New Testament outlines the practice and theology of missions. The Apostle Paul, and his co-laborers, were sent by a local church and for the purpose of establishing other local churches in various parts of the world. What role does a contemporary local church play in world missions? What is the function of a modern day "evangelist"? How does a "small" church "do" missions? [Instructor: Prof. John Williamson]

REL 571: The History of Missions
Missions has been a component of the Christian faith since its foundation over two thousand years ago. Who were some of its most notable figures and what were some of the historical events that shaped its course? Primitive mission work is recorded in the Book of Acts and was concerned with the spreading of the message of Christ. Medieval missions was concerned with the spreading of "the church." Contemporary missions is often concerned with the spreading of "good." This course will review the personalities, events, and philosophies that has shaped and impacted Christian missions. [Instructor: Prof. John Williamson]

REL 572: Contemporary Christian World Missions (3 credits)
This course focuses on Christian world missions in contemporary times and provides a distinctive viewpoint on the globalization of the church and its missiology. In this course we will be addressing issues of globalized Evangelical missiology which includes Evangelical missiology from Africa, Asia, India, the Middle East and Latin America. The goal of this course is to provide a workable knowledge of Christian World Missions including the goals and conduct of missions. [Instructor: Prof. Kay Cook]

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INSTITUTE FOR THE STUDY OF AGING

AGE 501: Death and Dying (3 credits)
This course is an exploration of the ideas, feelings and attributes of older persons about death and dying. Topics pursue an investigation of the stages of grieving among family members, and hospice concepts and practices. [Instructor: To be assigned]

AGE 502: Geriatric Nursing (3 credits)
This course is an examination of long term strategies for older persons to help them maintain optimum health status, their highest functional abilities, and the best possible quality of live. [Instructor: To be assigned]

AGE 503: Gerontological Illness and Behavior (3 credits)
Students survey the perceptions and behaviors of older adults in reference to illness prevention, health promotion, and reaction to acute chronic illness. [Instructor: To be assigned]

AGE 504: Elderly Housing and Alternative Programs (3 credits)
This course investigates important trends in the provision of housing for older persons in America including home sharing, retirement homes, housing-plus projects for senior citizens, live-in caretakers, day care centers and nursing homes. [Instructor: To be assigned]

AGE 505: Home Design and Products for the Disabled (3 credits)
This course provides an overview of home design, home retrofit, and assistive technology products for the disabled and handicapped, the visually impaired, blind, hearing impaired arthritic and physically challenged.[Instructor: To be assigned]

AGE 506: Psychology of the Very Old (3 credits)
This course is the study of the psychology of the aging. Topics cover personality changes and adjustments common in the process of aging, and an examination of the cognitive and emotional development as a function of aging. [Instructor: To be assigned]

AGE 507: Prescription of Healthy Aging (3 credits)
Students examine the gap between the knowledge and practice of health aging. Topics review the factors found by medical research to enhance the older persons quality of life. [Instructor: To be assigned]

AGE 508: Sexuality in Later Life (3 credits)
This course explores the ability among older persons to have an active, satisfying sex life. Topics examine normal physical changes with aging, and the effects on sex life brought on by illness and disability, heart disease, diabetes, stroke, arthritis, hysterectomy, prostatectomy, medicine and alcohol use, and emotional problems. [Instructor: To be assigned]

AGE 509: Epidemiology of Aging (3 credits)
Students investigate the current methodologies and public health issues in the epidemiology of aging and chronic disease.[Instructor: To be assigned]

AGE 510: Mental Health of the Elderly (3 credits)
This course surveys the basic concepts of mental illness, mental health service delivery, and aspects of cognitive and emotional functioning of the elderly. [Instructor: To be assigned]

AGE 511: Alzheimer s and Other Dementias (3 credits)
This course examines the diagnosis, causes, treatment, epidemiology, genetics, risk factors, care and management of Alzheimer s and other dementias. [Instructor: To be assigned]

AGE 512: Chronic Changes in the Elderly (3 credits)
Students explore the chronic changes that occur in the elderly, such as osteoporosis, incontinence, Parkinson s Disease, vision and hearing impairment, and stroke. Students will be involved with etiology, patient profiles, treatment and clinical care.[Instructor: To be assigned]

AGE 513: Developmental Process of Aging (3 credits)
This course is the study of the physical, emotional, and personality changes in the elderly. Students will also explore the challenges confronting society as a result of the lengthening of the human life span. [Instructor: To be assigned]

AGE 514: Enhancing the Quality of Life for the Elderly (3 credits)
This course is an investigation of in-home health care and long term care options. Students will also explore issues of accident prevention instruction, and the products and services designed specifically for safety, comfort, and the special needs of the physically challenged. [Instructor: To be assigned]

AGE 515: Depression and the Elderly (3 credits)
This course presents and overview of depression among the elderly. Students explore the prevalence of depression, theories of depression, case studies, effective counseling techniques, and prediction of suicide. [Instructor: To be assigned]

AGE 516: Demographics of the Elderly (3 credits)
Students research the changing demographics of the elderly. Topics investigate the changing life styles, service needs, attitudes and longevity of the elderly. Topics include the prediction of trends for the new century [Instructor: To be assigned]

AGE 517: Enhancing Cognition (3 credits)
Students research effective therapies for working with neurologically damaged individuals to restore cognition. Topics examine techniques and applications to help clients improve mental processes for more independent lives. [Instructor: To be assigned]

AGE 518: Geriatric Medicine (3 credits)
This course provides an overview of the practice of medicine, specializing in work with the elderly. [Instructor: To be assigned]

AGE 519: A Cross-Cultural Perspective on the Elderly (3 credits)
This course provides a cross-cultural perspective on the elderly, including issues of health, housing, and the status of elderly in various cultures. [Instructor: To be assigned]

AGE 520: Chronic Health Concerns of the Elderly (3 credits)
This course explores the special health concerns of the elderly including cancer, osteoporosis, Alzheimer s, Parkinson s Disease, and other chronic illnesses [Instructor: To be assigned]

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Institute for Human Sexuality and Gender Studies

Men's Studies and Fatherhood Program

Other Human Sexuality and Gender Studies Programs

At the present time, except for the Men's Studies and Fatherhood Program, Human Sexuality and Gender Studies are conducted in an interdisciplinary manner. Graduate students may select coursework from among the existing offerings in the following areas of study, and may structure field study and directed study courses under the direction of assigned faculty.

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Men's Studies and Fatherhood Program

MSP 531: Rites of Passage: Ancient and Modern (3 credits)
This course focuses on the rights of passage from boyhood to manhood as seen in Native or Contemporary societies. Students may choose, for example, three Native or Ancient cultures and present a paper on: the difference and similarity in the ritualization from boyhood to manhood; symbols and ceremonies used; tasks required for this transition to be successful. Students can examine this issue in our modern culture for the view: of its rituals and ceremonies; their effectiveness and failures in assisting boys become men; the role of fathers in the process; the place of men's groups in introducing new rites of passage; how rites of passage tie into the broader issue of alienation community.

MSP 532: Developmental Male Psychology (3 credits)
All humans are born with a biological identity and socialized into different roles and genders. How is male gender defined? How do we come to adopt ways of being male? This course examines these and other issues throughout the stages in a man's life. To succeed each phase, one must complete definable tasks. Incomplete tasks influence the developing male psyche as much as completed one. Other issues that can be explored are:1)the validity of Robert Bly's "naive male," 2) the place of Jung's concepts of "Anima" and "Shadow," in male development, and 3) the issue of "father wounding." A journal should be kept of insights gained by the student while applying this knowledge to his own life. A major paper is required that shows the student's grasp of the major theories of developmental psychology.

MSP 533: Issues in Male Sexuality (3 credits)
In this course one can explore a number of areas that affect and shape men's sexual experiences such as sex and marriage, the connection between sex and violence, sex crimes, the physical aspects of sex, sex therapy, homophobia, homosexuality, addictions, incest, male friendships, sexuality and spirituality, sexual dreams, the archetypes of phalos and lover, and the mother-son relationship. Students may write a paper on an area they select for deeper study.

MSP 534: Men in Literature (3 credits)
This course examines the role of literature and journalism in shaping the lives of men over the last three centuries. Students can focus on the literature of a period of time, a culture or race, a single author, a particular genre, or a specific issue they wish to explore through fiction or journalism. How are men represented in the literature of different times, through the eyes of different writers of different sexual orientation or different races? Is there a masculist literature to compare with feminist literature? Students will submit a scholarly paper on the area they select for study.

MSP 535: Issues Facing Men (3 credits)
In today's rapidly changing world men are confronted with similar and also different issues, and even the same issued are often filtered through a male or female perspective. This course allows students the opportunity to explore one or more crucial issues facing men today or in the foreseeable future. Some of these issues include career choices, work setting, success vs. fulfillment, parenting responsibilities, sexism and agism, relationships and spiritual fulfillment. There are many others to choose from. The student will do an in-depth study of one or more of these issues and prepare a in depth report.

MSP 536: Models of Masculinity (3 credits)
There are many models of masculinity with machismo, the rugged individualist, among the oldest. This style of masculinity is still highly visible in North American society. Students might examine the historical and sociological roots of this male subculture and preoccupation. How is this image threatened by change and what will be the consequence of such change? Do cultural icons like John Wayne, Rambo, Dirty Harry and Indiana Jones offer models of heroism at the price of isolation? Their message and lifestyle often contain a deep and secret woundedness that drives them into suicidal risks, an emotionally transient lifestyle, and violence. What is the impact on men trying and succeeding or failing in following their idea of "hero?" Students may suggest other male models to explore.

MSP 537: Marriage and Fatherhood (3 credits)
This course examines the many issues confronting men as fathers and spouses. Students can select an area for in-depth study such as the issue of disappearing fathers, father wound, new roles of fathers, divorce, blended families, custody, welfare reform, fathers and daughters or sons, fathers and their father or mother, and the impact of these on children.

MSP 538: Male Victimization (3 credits)
This course will focus on the types of abuse faced by males as children, adolescents and adults. It will examine the role of gender in the cycle of abuse and include an overview of Post-traumatic stress disorder and its treatment, the affects of emotional, sexual and physical abuse. One can focus on the assessment and treatment research in the area of male victimization, or the psychological treatment of sexual perpetrators (including clergy), adult survivors of abuse and rape. One may also write an in-depth report on a visited treatment site.

MSP 539: Male Archetypes (3 credits)
Jung's concept of archetype is synonymous with "primary imprint," patterned responses in ways of thinking and feeling that occur in all cultures, under all conditions. This course examines the recent formulations of male archetypal psychology. Four archetypes are examined in detail as they manifest over time from boyhood to manhood in their positive and negative aspects: King/Shadow King, Warrior/Black Knight, Magician/Evil Sorcerer, Lover/Addict. These are further applied to the student's life as he has come to understand them for reading and journaling. A final paper should explore how these archetypes are affected by one or more of the following: the absent of one or more parent, sexual-physical-emotional abuse, the lack of initiation rituals, patriarchy, feminism, and the men's movement.

MSP 540: Men's/Fathers' Rights (3 credits)
There are nearly 300 men's groups, divided broadly by their main focus. Fathers' rights groups are involved in such things as child custody, child support awards, rights of unmarried fathers and abortion issues, and false memory syndrome. Men's rights advocates fight against male-only draft laws, false accusations of rape, rape of men in institutions, differences in federal funding research for breast vs. prostrate cancer, more lenient judicial rulings for female defendants. This course in an introduction to the history of such organizations and the weight of their claims. Students can explore the topic narrowly and focus on one organization or issue or more widely on the issue of men's rights and summarize their research and conclusions in a paper.

MSP 541: Patriarchy (3 credits)
Much that is said and written against men is rooted in a social system of male domination called patriarchy. Today we are leaning to differentiate patriarchy from masculinity, a non-hierarchical term free of the oppressive connotation of the former. Still, patriarchy is firmly in place in major institutions such as the church and politics. This course examines the history and development of patriarchy. How is patriarchy being challenged by men and women and who are its proponents. What models are likely to replace it and what will be the consequences? How do patriarchy and matriarchy compare? Students can examine this topic from a sociological or anthropological view.

MSP 542: Male Spirituality (3 credits)
One may examine our Greco-Roman and Judeo-Christian heritage; the role of organized religion in men s lives; tension between predominant male leadership in organized religion and the larger participation by women; the need for new symbols and metaphors; the modern equivalent of the hero's journey; the impact of male spiritual organizations such as Promise Keepers; feminist theologies' challenge to patriarchal religion; addictions as spiritual alternatives; the connection between male sexuality and spirituality; the role of spirituality in healing male wounds and the influence of Native American spirituality on the Mythopoetic men's movement.

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Akamai University is internationally accredited by the Accreditation Service for International Colleges (ASIC). The University has earned Premier status with ASIC for its commendable areas of operation. ASIC is an approved accrediting body for the purposes of compliance by the UK Border Agency (UKBA) is a member of the British Quality Foundation (BQF), sits on the Quality Standards Group of UK NARIC, and is one of a number of international accrediting bodies listed in the international directory by the Council for Higher Education Accreditation (CHEA) in the USA and is a member of the CHEA International Quality Group (CIQG).

Akamai University
187 Kino`ole Street
Hilo, Hawaii 96720 USA